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OUTDOOR KNOWLEDGE | BEFORE YOU RELOAD, YOU MUST MASTER THESE ESSENTIALS

2019-6-19 10:41:13

Adjust the load, control the body balance and pace rhythm, back shoulders back, take a deep breath in the abdomen, touch the ground with the whole foot, when you should go according to your walking rhythm, try to keep at a constant speed, do not run when you are slow and slow stop. The most appropriate speed is to walk without breathing and to maintain the speed of walking all day.

1. The choice of route, find your own physical, time, and equipment allowed range of routes, if you climb a fragrant mountain area feel very tired, you must scream to go to the wolf tower, it is definitely not appropriate.

2. The choice of the team, first determine whether you want to choose a business team or an AA team. At present, the domestic outdoor business team is not necessarily expensive, the AA team is not necessarily cheap, and expecting to get more services from commercial activities may be disappointing, AA The activity is that everyone AA mutual help, but everyone is taking care of themselves on the premise of taking care of themselves, do not help the team in the AA team, do not ask the team as a whole to help you, to think more for everyone What is convenient. Try to choose a familiar team or team member, and your physical condition is similar to your own.

3. Before the event begins, adjust the load, fasten the shoelaces, and put the commonly used equipment such as raincoats, headlights, water and food to be eaten on the top pack or kangaroo pack, so that it can be taken out at any time.

4. When traveling, control the body balance and pace rhythm, when you should go according to your own walking rhythm, try to keep at a constant speed, do not stop when you are slow and slow (if pure physical training can consider this). Don't force yourself to slam the head and slam it, this will consume a lot of physical strength, and the result is that the speed is not up. This is the reason why the second point of medicine chooses the physical condition and the players who are similar.

5. Just start walking can slow down a bit, let each part of the body preheat, there is a process of adaptation, 5-10 minutes before speeding up.

6. Players should maintain a reasonable distance between them, generally 2-3 meters. The safety distance of the team is generally not more than ten minutes or less than 200 meters during the day, but the actual situation is that small teams can often do this. It is normal for more than 6 people to get the team before and after the team for half an hour. The role is reflected in the situation, a person who walks into the road without knowing the road or to copy the former team, to confirm whether the wrong way, the night must be within 5 minutes or 20 meters, the night road is easy to get lost, it is easy Lost, it is easy to get lost, and important things must be said three times.

7. When going up and down the slope, the stones, branches and rattans that are hand-pull must be pulled by hand to see if they can be stressed, and then do other climbing up and down movements to avoid accidental injuries, especially those that are inaccessible. The route, too many dead wood.

8. Don't just walk down and miss the surrounding scenery. Walking outdoors, physical fitness is only one of the purposes, do not go for the purpose of some so-called "self-abuse", the strength of physical exertion, and sometimes will not be worth the candle.

9. Know your physical ability, learn to walk with a more comfortable way, so that your physical strength can be used scientifically and effectively.

10. Rest and eat according to plan, adjust the plan according to the physical condition of your way, and extend the crossing time if necessary. Avoid unnecessary physical overdraft and leave room for physical strength for unforeseen unexpected situations.

11. When reloading on foot, you should “eat more and drink more”: The definition of eating more and drinking more is not overeating. If you eat too much, it is estimated that the road may not be able to go. The more food and drink here refers to the frequency of eating and drinking. When hiking, the body's heat loss is large. In order to replenish physical strength, it is necessary to replenish water and food in time.

12. Drinking water should be based on the principle of less and less, and drinking water is also active. Don't wait for thirst to passively drink water. Drinking two or three small mouths each time is good. Too thirsty can shorten the time of drinking water, increase the number of drinking times, and drink too much water at one time. The body can't absorb the precious water source, but it increases the burden on the heart. Drink plenty of water as appropriate before climbing the slope. There is an article devoted to drinking water in front of you, you can read it yourself.

13. The rest of walking should be combined in length and length, short and long. Usually take a short break on the way as much as possible within 5 minutes, and do not remove the backpack and other equipment, to stand and rest, adjust breathing. Rest for a long time at 60-90 minutes, rest time is 15-20 minutes. For long breaks, you should unload all the weight-bearing equipment such as backpacks. Stand up and adjust your breathing for 2-3 minutes before you can sit down. Don't Stop and sit down and rest, this will increase the burden on the heart; you can lie down and raise your legs, so that the blood of the congested legs will return to the heart as much as possible. Keep in mind that rest is active and positive, not just lying down and resting.

14. Do not take off your shoes during the break. Walking for a long time will definitely be swollen, and it is more uncomfortable to take off your shoes once you wear them.

15. The temperature difference between day and night in mountainous areas is large, and the temperature rises at altitude (-6 degrees / vertical 1000M). Keeping warm is a must, especially after a lot of sweating and before going to bed. Prepare warm clothing and choose the right sleeping bag accordingly. When the clothes are wet by rain or sweat, the speed of heat dissipation is amazing. At this time, dry underwear should be replaced as soon as possible. Conditional underwear such as coolmax and other quick-drying fabrics can be selected.

16. Don't take the risk of walking the night. Many of the lost roads happen when the visibility is very low, and the night road is easy to cause a loss. When you have to walk the night road, it is best to have a headlight, and the flashlight will occupy one hand, which is not conducive to balance protection.

17. Pay attention to protect the knee joint and develop the correct walking posture. If you can have two trekking poles to walk with you, you can bring a lot of convenience. Moreover, it is possible to reduce the possibility of injury to the knee joint due to impact.

18. Outdoor climbing, the feet are the most diligent and hard, and you must be kind to your feet. Don't wear new shoes, because the feet and new shoes are not yet worn, wearing new shoes can easily cause fatigue and injury. Reloading in the mountains, all kinds of situations will be encountered, so you should choose the right high-top hiking shoes. The hiking shoes are thick and made of hard rubber. The bottom has a large and deep pattern, which can play a good anti-slip effect. It can effectively protect the feet on gravel and uneven road surface; the upper is high and hard. Can play the role of supporting the ankle; wearing this kind of shoes, water is not easy to immerse into the shoes.

After putting on the shoes, you should feel whether the toes can move. If you can't move, the shoes are too small, and there should be some gap at the front of the toes. Also walk around, if the heel and the heel slide, it is easy to scratch the foot, this kind of shoes is also inappropriate. If you don't have money, you can prepare different hiking shoes according to different routes.

19. The laces should not be too loose or too tight, which would cause the feet to fatigue prematurely and be easily injured. It is best to use a flat ribbon shoelace, not a round rope shoelace, because the rope-like shoelace is not easy to fasten and easy to loosen.

20. The size of the socks should be moderate. It is best to use coolmax fabric socks to absorb sweat, perspiration, and good touch. It is suitable for walking for many days. If the field activities are long, prepare a few pairs of socks.

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